Comparing modes in terms of tetrachords

Find previous blog posts covering tetrachords in part 1part 2 and part 3 of this tutorial.

 

Modes and tetrachords | Root note C

Comparing modes in terms of tetrachords

 

Comparing modes in terms of tetrachords helps you to get familiar with

  • the structure of scales
  • the fingerings of scale patterns
  • the sound of modes
  • the brightness and darkness of modes

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C major scale | Modes in terms of tetrachords

Find previous blog posts covering tetrachords in part 1 and part 2 of this tutorial.  

 

C Ionian Scale

The C Ionian Scale is a combination of the Cmaj tetrachord and the Gmaj tetrachord separated by a major second (2).

C ionian scale in terms of tetrachords

 

G Mixolydian Scale

The G Mixolydian Scale is a combination of the Gmaj tetrachord and the Dmin tetrachord separated by a major second (2). The upper Gmaj tetrachord of the C ionian scale becomes the lower tetrachord of the G mixolydian scale.

G mixolydian scale in terms of tetrachords

 

D Dorian Scale

The D Dorian Scale is a combination of the Dmin tetrachord and the Amin tetrachord separated by a major second (2). The upper Dmin tetrachord of the G mixolydian scale becomes the lower tetrachord of the D dorian scale.

D dorian scale in terms of tetrachords

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Modes in terms of tetrachords

Tetrachords | Major | Minor | Phrygian | Whole-Tone

See part 1 of this tutorial here.

 

Major Tetrachord

major tetrachord is a series of four notes with the interval pattern tone – tone – semitone (2-2-b2).

modes major tetrachord

 

Minor Tetrachord

minor tetrachord is a series of four notes with the interval pattern tone – semitone – tone (2-b2-2).

modes minor tetrachord

 

Phrygian Tetrachord

phrygian tetrachord is a series of four notes with the interval pattern semitone – tone – tone (b2-2-2).

modes phrygian tetrachord

 

Whole-Tone Tetrachord

whole-tone tetrachord is a series of four notes with the interval pattern tone – tone – tone (2-2-2).

modes whole-tone tetrachord

 

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Tetrachords | Circle of Fifths | Part 1

Major Tetrachords · Major Scales

 

A major tetrachord is a series of four notes with the interval pattern tone – tone – semitone (2-2-b2).

major-tetrachords

 

A major scale is a combination of two major tetrachords separated by a major second (2).

major-scale

 

Cmaj Scale

major-scale-two-major-tetrachords

The Cmaj scale is a combination of the Cmaj tetrachord and the Gmaj tetrachord separated by a whole-tone.

 

Gmaj Scale

The upper tetrachord G A B C of the Cmaj scale becomes the lower tetrachord of the Gmaj scale.

major-scale-two-major-tetrachords-gmaj-scale

The Gmaj scale is a combination of the Gmaj tetrachord and the Dmaj tetrachord separated by a whole-tone.

 

Dmaj Scale

The upper tetrachord D E F# G of the Gmaj scale becomes the lower tetrachord of the Dmaj scale.

D-major-scale-two-major-tetrachords

 

The Dmaj scale is a combination of the Dmaj tetrachord and the Amaj tetrachord separated by a whole-tone.

 

And so on…continuing this series of tetrachords will result in the circle of fifths.

 

Series of Major Tetrachords → Circle of Fifths

 

major-tetrachords-circle-of-fifths

 

See part 2 of this tutorial here

Diatonic seventh chords on different string sets

Another Keynote presentation illustrating chord- and scale diagrams created with the fonts Chords VI and Scales VI. No images or shapes were used.

Create diatonic seventh chords in a major scale by shifting the root of each seventh chord up a diatonic second. Build chords with the same inversions on string sets 1234, 2345 and 3456.

Major Scale | Diatonic seventh chords on different string sets

 

 

Major Scale | Major Pentatonic Scales

Another Keynote presentation illustrating guitar diagrams created with the fonts Chords and Scales. 

No images or shapes were used.

 

Building major pentatonic scales in a major scale

shown in the key of D major:

  • create the Amaj pentatonic scale, second fret position in the key of D major.
  • shifting the major third C# of the Amaj pentatonic scale up a minor second creates the Dmaj pentatonic scale.
  • shifting the major third F# of the Dmaj pentatonic scale up a minor second creates the Gmaj pentatonic scale.
  • go to the next position by moving the Gmaj pentatonic scale up a major second → Amaj pentatonic scale.
  • repeat in all positions
  • repeat in all keys

 

Major Scale | Major Pentatonic Scales

Major Scale | Diatonic Chords & Arpeggios

Another Keynote presentation illustrating guitar diagrams created with the fonts Chords and Scales. No images or shapes were used. 

Build diatonic seventh chords and arpeggios in a major scale by just shifting the root of each seventh chord and arpeggio up a diatonic second. 

Major Scale | Diatonic Chords & Arpeggios

Major Scale | Diatonic Chords

Another nifty Keynote presentation created with the fonts Chords and Scales.

Create diatonic seventh chords in a major scale by just shifting the root of each 7th chord up a diatonic second.

 

Major Scale | Diatonic Chords

Ionian Scales | Chords | Arpeggios

Use this Pages document as a source for comparing guitar diagrams for ionian scales, major pentatonic scales, maj7 arpeggios, maj7 chords and major triads in different fret positions. Feel free to copy and print sections for your students, modify the guitar chords as required. For Mac OS X as well as iPad and iPhone.

Note: Fonts for neck diagrams need to be installed on your device to display the diagrams!

Major scales chords arpeggios

 

  • ionian scale diagrams in all keys arranged in the circle of fifths
  • major pentatonic scales
  • maj7 arpeggios
  • maj7 chords
  • maj triads
  • 18 pages
  • 390 scale, chord and arpeggio guitar fretboard diagrams
  • A4 · US letter
  • Mac OS X and iOS
  • requirements: Scales font family · Chords font family · Apple Pages

Free download